India: Top Performer in Paris Agreement
The 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change was a historic moment in the fight against global warming. Over 190 countries pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and limit the global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Since then, India has emerged as a top performer in meeting its commitments under the Paris Agreement.
India, the world’s third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, has set an ambitious target of reducing its emissions intensity by 33-35% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. Emissions intensity is the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP. In addition, India has set a target of achieving 40% of its total power capacity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
India has made significant progress in meeting these targets. According to a report by the International Energy Agency, India’s emissions intensity has decreased by 21% between 2005 and 2014. This is due to the country’s efforts to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency, as well as its shift towards cleaner fuels such as natural gas.
India has also made significant investments in renewable energy. The country has set a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar energy, 60 GW of wind energy, 10 GW of biomass energy, and 5 GW of small hydro power. As of March 2021, India has achieved a total renewable energy capacity of 93.5 GW, which is almost 53% of its 2022 target.
India’s efforts to promote renewable energy have also led to a significant increase in the share of non-fossil fuel sources in its total power capacity. As of March 2021, the share of non-fossil fuel sources in India’s total power capacity was around 38%, which is close to its 40% target for 2030.
India has also taken several measures to improve energy efficiency, such as setting energy performance standards for appliances, promoting energy-efficient buildings, and implementing a national energy conservation program. These efforts have led to a significant reduction in energy use per unit of GDP.
India has also played a significant role in international climate negotiations. The country has been a vocal advocate for developing countries and has called for a more equitable and just global response to climate change. India has also pledged to contribute $2.5 billion to the Green Climate Fund, which provides financial assistance to developing countries to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
In conclusion, India’s efforts to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy and energy efficiency have made it a top performer in meeting its commitments under the Paris Agreement. The country’s ambitious targets and significant progress towards meeting them are an inspiration for other developing countries to take similar actions towards a sustainable future.